Stewards of the iconic buildings and grounds of Capitol Hill since 1793.

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Apotheosis of Washington fresco
Painted in 1865 by Constantino Brumidi, the Apotheosis of Washington in the...

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View of the U.S. Capitol Building from above at dusk
In order to ensure the safety of visitors and staff and to preserve the...

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Yellow flowers in front of the Capitol Building
The Architect of the Capitol annually publishes a wide variety of publications...

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The AOC is responsible for nearly 600,000 square feet of windows
Architect of the Capitol Stephen T. Ayers reflects on the almost 600,000 square...

Dirksen Building History

Dirksen Building History

Dirksen Building History
Overview 

Until the 1940s, Senate staff positions were mostly clerical and custodial. President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal and the response to the nation's entry into the Second World War fueled the growth and domination of the executive branch. As a result, congressional leaders became convinced of the need to greatly expand their staffs to include experts on a growing list of complex policy issues.

Soon after the war ended, Congress passed the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946. This landmark statute allowed Congress to hire professional staffs at salaries equal to those employed by the executive branch. Each committee gained four professional and six clerical aides. The surge in numbers of new staff made a second building necessary - one intended primarily to accommodate committees.

In a departure from committee arrangements in the Russell Building, where members and witnesses sat around a common table, the new building would feature large hearing rooms with raised platforms for members and facilities suitable for the new medium of television.
 

Last Updated: May 14, 2012