The heat of summer can be tough on plants. But you can use a few tips from the United States Botanic Garden (USBG) to plan, plant and care for a great garden through the long summer days.

Before planting your garden do your research. Washington, D.C., for example, famously lies on the dividing line for successfully growing cool climate lilacs (best to the north and west of town) and crepe myrtles (to the south and east). Get to know your temperature zones and choose appropriate plants.

The National Garden of the USBG features native plants from the nearby Piedmont and Atlantic Coastal Plain, rather than the mountains. Successful plants will withstand our hot summer nights. For example, plants with U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) cold hardiness ratings that don't reach beyond zone 7 (Washington, D.C.'s location) are usually not going to beat the heat in D.C.

Find your own location on USDA's plant hardiness zones map:

Map graphic courtesy of the USDA.

The American Horticultural Society also has a heat zone rating system and map.

When you're ready to find plants native to your area, these two tools can help you find native plants by your ZIP code: and

Coneflowers (Echinacea pupurea 'Pica Bella') and a bee in the USBG National Garden

Coneflowers (Echinacea pupurea 'Pica Bella') and a bee in the USBG National Garden.

Once you've found the right plants for your garden, use these tips for keeping your garden healthy and happy through the summer:

  • Mulch! 1-2 inches of mulch prevents weeds, slows water loss from the soil and keeps roots cooler. Don't pile mulch right up to tree trunks or perennial base though, they need to stay dry.
  • Group water-loving plants close to a convenient water source, and choose drought tolerant plants for the bulk of your garden.
  • Keep newly planted plants from wilting as they establish by using a foliar spray of an anti-transpirant (e.g., Wilt Pruf™) which can help keep water stress to a minimum.
  • Plant hardy species in fall or early spring so that they establish deep roots before those summer droughts hit.
  • Find lots of tips for sustainable home gardening at
  • Remember our pollinator friends. Some pollinator-friendly plants can handle lots of sun and heat, and provide much-needed sources of food and shelter for those animals, too. Explore pollinator plant tips at, the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center or the Xerces Society.
  • Think small! Another way to conserve water and make summer plant care more manageable – window boxes can be great little gardens.
  • Incorporate fountains, ponds and other water features that can add a soothing, cool sound and also provide a source of water for birds and other garden animals.

Tourists explore the USBG National Garden.

Tourists explore the USBG National Garden.

Just like us, plants need special care in the extreme heat. Following the tips above will help protect your plants during the hottest days of summer. Don't care for the heat? Don't fret, cooler days will be here before you know it!


I think this is a pretty kool site you guys got. Thank you for making this kind of information and knowledge open to people like me. I really do sincerely appreciate being able to learn new things. Its fun to me, thank you

Add new comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.

Recent News

Noteworthy Updates

History & Discoveries

The Architect of the Capitol Sweeps Up the Past

When Jim Kaufmann, Capitol Grounds and Arboretum Director, happened across an 1891 street-sweeping map while going through cultural landscape reports, he had no idea how simple an old map could make caring for the U.S. Capitol Grounds.
Public Notice

Volume 19 of Tholos Magazine Now Available

The latest edition of the Architect of the Capitol (AOC) employee magazine, Tholos, is now available. Article themes include Cool Tools, Organizational Transformation, Seasonal Highlight, Doing Good, Project Updates, and Spotlight on Safety.