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Photograph of people walking outside on a Self-Guided Tour of Capitol Hill
Visitors can tour many highlights on Capitol Hill without registering.

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Benjamin Henry Latrobe was hired by President Jefferson in 1803 to fill the...

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Image of the Capitol Christmas Tree reflecting on the water in December 2013 at the U.S. Capitol
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Chief Sequoyah Tree

Common Name: Giant Sequoia
Botanical Name: Sequoia gigantea

Current Location: Capitol Square, N.W.
Planted: May 25, 1966

Sponsor: Cherokee Indian Nation (Ga.)

Honoree Details

Cherokee Chief Sequoyah is credited with taking the traditional spoken word and developing a written language. The chief is rendered in a bronze plaque in the Library of Congress and represents one of two statues from Oklahoma in the National Statuary Hall Collection.

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Tree Details

The sequoia is the largest living tree species. This tree is one of three growing on the Capitol grounds and is well dislocated from its natural range in the Sierra Nevada mountains of California. It prefers cool summers and moist, but well drained, soil conditions that do not exist in the Washington region.

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Giant Sequoia with the U.S. Capitol in the background.