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In the late 19th century the architectural style of the Thomas Jefferson Building was said to be "Italian Renaissance." Today, it is recognized as a premier example of the Beaux Arts style, which is theatrical, heavily ornamented and kinetic. It is a style perfectly suited to a young, wealthy, and imperialistic nation in its Gilded Age.
The Library of Congress began in 1800 with a small appropriation to buy...

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A virtual Map of Capitol Hill from above
View a map of the U.S. Capitol and other buildings and grounds cared for by the...

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Painted Portrait of Benjamin Henry Latrobe
Benjamin Henry Latrobe was hired by President Jefferson in 1803 to fill the...

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Ted Bechtol, AOC Capitol Grounds Division
For two beautiful summer days in late July, I traveled around Chippewa National...

African Americans in Art

Artwork in the United States Capitol and legislative buildings featuring African Americans is listed below.

Statues

Busts

Portraits

  • Blanche Kelso Bruce, Senator from Mississippi
    Senate Collection, oil on canvas by Simmie Lee Knox, 2001.
  • Shirley Chisholm, Representative from New York
    Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, oil on canvas by Kadir Nelson, 2008.
  • William L. Dawson, Chair of Government Operations, 1969–1974
    Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, oil on canvas by Robert Bruce Williams, 1968.
  • Ron Dellums, Chair of Armed Services Committee 1993–1994
    Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, oil on canvas by André White, 1997.
  • William H. Gray III, Chair of Budget Committee 1985-1988
    Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, oil on canvas by Simmie Lee Knox, 1996.
  • Augustus Hawkins, Chair of Education & Labor committee 1984–1991
    Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, oil on canvas by Joseph Maniscalco, 1990.
  • Parren Mitchell, Chair of the House Small Business Committee 1981–1986
    Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, photograph on canvas by Joseph D. Clipper, Jr., 1982.

Paintings

Murals

Memorials

  • Slave Labor Commemorative Marker
    Commemorating the important role played by laborers, including enslaved African Americans, in building the United States Capitol, 2012.
  • Officer Jacob Chestnut
    Chestnut-Gibson Plaque, Memorial to Officer Jacob Chestnut and Detective John Gibson who gave their lives defending the United States Capitol on July 24, 1998.