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Busts of Vice Presidents of the United States

Busts of Vice Presidents of the United States

Thomas Jefferson Bust

The vice president of the United States presides over the United States Senate, and the Senate honors these individuals in a collection of marble busts displayed in the U.S. Capitol. The Architect of the Capitol is responsible for working with the subject to select a sculptor, contracting with the artists with the approval of the Senate, monitoring and approving the work, and designing and procuring the pedestal.

The role of the Architect of the Capitol (AOC) in the procurement of these busts involves working with the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, the subject (or, in the case of a deceased individual, the family), and the sculptor. Typically, the architect works with the subject to select a qualified sculptor; negotiates the contract with the sculptor; monitors the various stages of creating the bust, from models through final carving, suggesting changes where appropriate; and certifies satisfactory completion of the work. After the bust is completed and delivered to the Capitol and the Rules Committee has designated a permanent location, the architect places the bust on its pedestal (provided by the AOC).

As established in Article I, Section 3 of the United States Constitution, the vice president of the United States serves as the president of the United States Senate. The Senate Resolution of January 6, 1898, as amended by Senate Resolution 100, 80th Congress, March 28, 1947, provides that “marble busts of those who have been Vice Presidents of the United States shall be placed in the Senate wing of the Capitol from time to time, [and] that the Architect of the Capitol is authorized, subject to the advice and approval of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, to carry into execution the object of this resolution . . .”

This Senate collection includes all of the vice presidents from the first, John Adams, through J. Danforth Quayle. Twenty of these busts are located in niches in the gallery of the Senate Chamber; one in the Vice President's formal office, room S-214; and the remainder in the second-floor corridors of the Senate wing adjacent to the chamber.

In the following list of busts, placement dates are given where known; if documentation does not indicate placement date, the year in which the bust was received is provided. For photos of the busts please visit senate.gov.

Vice President State Period of Service Sculptor

Placed

John Adams

MA

Apr. 30, 1789 – Mar. 3, 1797

Daniel Chester French

1890

Thomas Jefferson

VA

Mar. 4, 1797 – Mar. 3, 1801

Sir Moses Ezekiel

1890

Aaron Burr

NY

Mar. 4, 1801 – Mar. 3, 1805

Jacques Jovenal

1894

George Clinton

NY

Mar. 4, 1805 – Apr. 20, 1812

Vittorio A. Ciani

1894

Elbridge Gerry

MA

Mar. 4, 1813 – Nov. 23, 1814

Herbert Adams

1892

Daniel D. Tompkins

NY

Mar. 4, 1817 – Mar. 3, 1825

Charles H. Niehaus

1891

John C. Calhoun

SC

Mar. 4, 1825 – Dec. 28, 1832

Theodore A. Mills

1896

Martin Van Buren

NY

Mar. 4, 1833 – Mar. 3, 1837

U. S. J. Dunbar

1894

Richard M. Johnson

KY

Mar. 4, 1837 – Mar. 3, 1841

James P. Voorhees

1895

John Tyler

VA

Mar. 4, 1841 – Apr. 4, 1841

William C. McCauslen

1898

George M. Dallas

PA

Mar. 4, 1845 – Mar. 3, 1849

Henry J. Ellicott

1894

Millard Fillmore

NY

Mar. 5, 1849 – July 9, 1850

Robert Cushing

1895

William R. King*

AL

Mar. 4, 1853 – Apr. 18, 1853

William C. McCauslen

1896

John C. Breckenridge

KY

Mar. 4, 1857 – Mar. 3, 1861

James P. Voorhees

1897

Hannibal Hamlin

ME

Mar. 4, 1861 – Mar. 3, 1865

Franklin Simmons

1890

Andrew Johnson

TN

Mar. 4, 1865 – Apr. 15, 1865

William C. McCauslen

1900

Schuyler Colfax

IN

Mar. 4, 1869 – Mar. 3, 1873

Frances M. Goodwin

1897

Henry Wilson

MA

Mar. 4, 1873 – Nov. 22, 1875

Daniel Chester French

1886

William A. Wheeler

NY

Mar. 5, 1877 – Mar. 3, 1881

Edward C. Potter

c. 1892

Chester A. Arthur

NY

Mar. 4, 1881 – Sept. 19, 1881

Augustus Saint-Gaudens

1892

Thomas A. Hendricks

IN

Mar. 4, 1885 – Nov. 25, 1885

U. S. J. Dunbar

1890

Levi P. Morton

NY

Mar. 4, 1889 – Mar. 3, 1893

F. Edwin Elwell

1891

Adlai E. Stevenson

IL

Mar. 4, 1893 – Mar. 3, 1897

Franklin Simmons

Rec’d. 1894

Garret A. Hobart

NJ

Mar. 4, 1897 – Nov. 21, 1899

F. Edwin Elwell

1901

Theodore Roosevelt

NY

Mar. 4, 1901 – Sept. 14, 1901

James Earle Fraser

1910

Charles W. Fairbanks

IN

Mar. 4, 1905 – Mar. 3, 1909

Franklin Simmons

1909

James S. Sherman

NY

Mar. 4, 1909 – Oct. 30, 1912

Bessie Potter Vonnoh

1911

Thomas R. Marshall

IN

Mar. 4, 1913 – Mar. 3, 1921

Moses A. Wainer Dykaar

1920

Calvin Coolidge

MA

Mar. 4, 1921 – Aug. 2, 1923

Moses A. Wainer Dykaar

1929

Charles G. Dawes

IL

Mar. 4, 1925 – Mar. 3, 1929

Jo Davidson

Rec’d. 1931

Charles Curtis

KS

Mar. 4, 1929 – Mar. 3, 1933

Moses A. Wainer Dykaar

c. 1935

John Nance Garner

TX

Mar. 4, 1933 – Jan. 20, 1941

James Earle Fraser

1943

Henry A. Wallace

IA

Jan. 20, 1941 – Jan. 20, 1945

Jo Davidson

1949

Harry S. Truman

MO

Jan. 20, 1945 – Apr. 12, 1945

Charles Keck

1949

Alben W. Barkley

KY

Jan. 20, 1949 – Jan. 20, 1953

Kalervo Kallio

1958

Richard M. Nixon

CA

Jan. 20, 1953 – Jan. 20, 1961

Gualberto Rocchi

1979

Lyndon B. Johnson

TX

Jan. 20, 1961 – Jan. 22, 1963

Jimilu Mason

1979

Hubert H. Humphrey

MN

Jan. 20, 1965 – Jan. 20, 1969

Walker Hancock

1984

Spiro T. Agnew

MD

Jan. 20, 1969 – Oct. 10, 1973

William Behrends

1995

Gerald R. Ford

MI

Dec. 6, 1973 – Aug. 9, 1974

Walker Hancock

1985

Nelson A. Rockefeller

NY

Dec. 19, 1974 – Jan. 20, 1977

John Calabro

1987

Walter Mondale

MN

Jan. 20, 1977 – Jan. 20, 1981

Judson Nelson

1989

George H. W. Bush

TX

Jan. 20, 1981 – Jan. 20, 1989

Walker Hancock

1991

J. Danforth Quayle

IN

Jan. 20, 1989 – Jan. 20, 1993

Frederick Hart

2003

Albert A. Gore, Jr.

TN

Jan. 20, 1993 – Jan. 20, 2001

In process

 

Richard B. Cheney

WY

Jan. 20, 2001 –  Jan. 20, 2009

In process

 

Joseph R. Biden, Jr.

DE

Jan. 20, 2009 –

Not yet commissioned

 

*William King is represented by a bust even though he never actually presided over the Senate.