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United States Capitol - 1846
The history of the United States Capitol Building begins in 1793. Since then,...

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Visitor Hours for the Buildings on Capitol Hill
Visitor Hours for the Buildings on Capitol Hill.

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Publications
The Architect of the Capitol annually publishes a wide variety of publications...

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Sheep on the White House lawn, taken between 1916-1919. Image courtesy Library of Congress
The Capitol Grounds have long been a haven for wildlife, with residents ranging...

Colonization of New England

Colonization of New England
Filippo Costaggini
Artist

Frieze of American History
Rotunda
U.S. Capitol

Overview 

Early settlers cut and saw trees and use the lumber to construct a building, possibly a warehouse for their supplies.

The frieze in the Rotunda of the United States Capitol contains a painted panorama depicting significant events in American history. Thomas U. Walter's 1859 cross-section drawing of the new dome (constructed 1855-1863) shows a recessed belt atop the Rotunda walls with relief sculpture. Eventually it was painted in true fresco, a difficult and exacting technique in which the pigments are applied directly onto wet plaster. As the plaster cures the colors become part of the wall. Consequently, each section of plaster must be painted the day it is laid. The frieze is painted in grisaille, a monochrome of whites and browns that resembles sculpture. It measures 8 feet 4 inches in height and approximately 300 feet in circumference. It starts 58 feet above the floor.

The frieze is the work of three artists, Constantino Brumidi, Filippo Costaggini and Allyn Cox. It was designed by Brumidi, an Italian artist who studied in Rome before emigrating to America. Brumidi created a sketch for the Rotunda frieze in 1859 but was not authorized to begin work until 1877.

Last Updated: September 30, 2013