Stewards of the iconic buildings and grounds of Capitol Hill since 1793.

Featured

A black and white photograph of the United States Capitol in 1846.
The history of the United States Capitol Building begins in 1793. Since then,...

Featured

View of the U.S. Capitol Building from above at dusk
In order to ensure the safety of visitors and staff and to preserve the...

Featured

Fall 2014 Cover Image
The Architect of the Capitol magazine, Foundations & Perspectives,...

Featured

Letterpress Print
Learn to turn local invasive weeds into useful materials on October 12 at 1:30...

Ethan Allen

White marble statues of Ethan Allen
Larkin G. Mead
Artist

Marble
Given by Vermont in 1876
National Statuary Hall
U.S. Capitol

Overview 

This statue of Ethan Allen was given to the National Statuary Hall Collection by Vermont in 1876. Allen was born in 1738 and died in February, 1789. He is best remembered as the Founder of the State of Vermont.

Founder of the State of Vermont, Ethan Allen was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, on January 21, 1738. As an explorer, he became involved in the "Hampshire Grants" dispute regarding conflicting land claims between New Hampshire and New York. As a result of the 1770 New York Supreme Court decision invalidating the New Hampshire grants, the settlers formed the Green Mountain Boys with Allen as their colonel commander to defend their property. The skirmishes escalated to such a degree that Allen was outlawed by Governor George Clinton of New York in 1771.

During the Revolutionary War, Allen and his Green Mountain Boys joined forces with Colonel Benedict Arnold to capture Fort Ticonderoga on May 10, 1775. While invading British-held Canada with Colonel John Brown, Allen was captured on September 25, 1775, and held prisoner for two years before being exchanged. He immediately received the brevet rank of colonel in the Continental Army.

He returned to Vermont and was made major general in the Vermont militia. Allen petitioned the Continental Congress for Vermont's statehood. When refused, he negotiated with Britain over the status of Vermont and was accused of treason. Allen died on February 12, 1789, two years before Vermont was admitted into the Union.


Download pdf of this article.

Last Updated: September 24, 2014