Serving Congress and the Supreme Court, preserving America's Capitol, and inspiring memorable experiences

Featured

Capitol Visitor Center
The U.S. Capitol Visitor Center provides a welcoming and educational...

Featured

Getting Here
Located at the center of Washington, D.C., the U.S. Capitol Building and other...

Featured

The AOC maintains the grounds of the U.S. Capitol
The roles and responsibilities of the Architect of the Capitol cover an...

Featured

Capitol Carillonneur
Capitol Hill, with its rich history and iconic buildings, allows for an...

John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg

John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg
Blanche Nevin
Artist

Marble
Given by Pennsylvania in 1889
Crypt
U.S. Capitol

Overview 

This statue of John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg was given to the National Statuary Hall Collection by Pennsylvania in 1889.

John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg was born on October 1, 1746, in Trappe, Pennsylvania. His early education was supplemented at the Philadelphia Academy (University of Pennsylvania). At the age of 18, he was sent with two brothers to Halle, Germany, for further education. Muhlenberg was apprenticed to a grocer in Lubeck. Ill-treated, he ran away and joined an English regiment that saw action in the French and Indian War. He returned to Philadelphia in 1767 and was discharged.

Muhlenberg's father then persuaded him to study for the ministry. Accepting a call in 1771 to a congregation in Woodstock, Virginia, Muhlenberg first traveled to England to be ordained in the Church of England. His work led him into politics, and he served in the House of Burgesses in 1774. Over the next two years he became involved with the local leaders of the Revolution. In 1776 he left Woodstock and raised a regiment from the Shenandoah Valley. Muhlenberg was quickly commissioned a brigadier general in the Continental Army and was active in many battles. He was brevetted major general in 1783.

Returning a hero, he was elected to the Supreme Executive Council in 1784 and served as Pennsylvania's vice president from 1785 to 1788. He was elected to the First Congress (1788-1789), of which his brother Frederick was Speaker, and served in several successive Congresses. Elected to the Senate in 1801, he resigned shortly thereafter to accept the appointment of supervisor of revenue for Philadelphia. He served in this post until his death on October 1, 1807.

Last Updated: January 09, 2014