Featured

This painting depicts Christopher Columbus and members of his crew on a beach in the West Indies, newly landed from his flagship Santa Maria on October 12, 1492.
This painting depicts Christopher Columbus and members of his crew on a beach...

Featured

The Summerhouse on the Capitol Grounds surrounded by pink azalea flowers.
A few ideas to help you in planning a visit to Capitol Hill.

Featured

Painted Portrait of Benjamin Henry Latrobe
Benjamin Henry Latrobe was hired by President Jefferson in 1803 to fill the...

Featured

Military Bands Summer Concert Series 2014
The 2014 series of concerts will be inaugurated by the Navy Band on Monday,...

Explore Capitol Hill

Washakie

Overview 

This statue of Washakie was given to the National Statuary Hall Collection by Wyoming in 2000. Washakie's prowess in battle, his efforts for peace, and his commitment to his people's welfare made him one of the most respected leaders in Native American history.

Dave McGary
Artist

Bronze
Given by Wyoming in 2000
Emancipation Hall
U.S. Capitol Visitor Center

Washakie

Originally named Pinaquana, Washakie was born around 1800 in his father's Salish (or Flathead) tribe; he was given the name Washakie when he joined his mother's Shoshone tribe. He became a renowned warrior and in approximately 1840 united several Shoshone bands.

He had learned French and English from trappers and traders, and he also spoke a number of Native American languages. His friends among white frontiersmen included Kit Carson, Jim Bridger (who became his son-in-law), and John Fremont. Having realized that the expansion of white civilization into the West was inevitable, he negotiated with the army and the Shoshone to ensure the preservation of over three million acres in Wyoming's Wind River country for his people; this valley remains the home of the Shoshone today. He was also determined that Native Americans should be educated, and he gave land to Welsh clergyman John Roberts to establish a boarding school where Shoshone girls learned traditional crafts and language.

Upon his death in 1900, he became the only known Native American to be given a full military funeral.


Download pdf of this article.

Last Updated: February 24, 2014