Serving Congress and the Supreme Court, preserving America's Capitol, and inspiring memorable experiences

Featured

Bartholdi Fountain
In 1877 the United States paid $6,000 for an iron fountain sculpted by...

Featured

Prohibited Items at the U.S. Capitol Building
In order to ensure the safety of visitors and staff and to preserve the...

Featured

Stewardship
The Architect of the Capitol is committed to the preservation and stewardship...

Featured

Orchid Symphony is on display at the U.S. Botanic Garden through April 27, 2014
Escape the winter weather and experience the blooms evoking spring in the U.S....

Hammurabi

Hammurabi
Thomas Hudson Jones
Artist

Marble
28" dia.
1950
House of Representatives Chamber

Overview 

Hammurabi (fl. c. 1792-1750 B.C.) King of Babylonia; author of the Code of Hammurabi, which is recognized in legal literature as one of the earliest surviving legal codes.

The 23 marble relief portraits over the gallery doors of the House Chamber in the U.S. Capitol depict historical figures noted for their work in establishing the principles that underlie American law. They were installed when the chamber was remodeled in 1949-1950.
 
Created in bas relief of white Vermont marble by seven different sculptors, the plaques each measure 28 inches in diameter. The eleven profiles in the eastern half of the chamber face left and the eleven in the western half face right, so that all look towards the full-face relief of Moses in the center of the north wall.
 
The subjects of the reliefs were chosen by scholars from the University of Pennsylvania and the Columbia Historical Society of Washington, D.C., in consultation with authoritative staff members of the Library of Congress. The selection was approved by a special committee of five Members of the House of Representatives and the Architect of the Capitol.
 
The plaster models for these reliefs are on display on the walls in the Rayburn House Office Building subway terminal.
 
Last Updated: February 03, 2014