Stewards of the iconic buildings and grounds of Capitol Hill since 1793.

Featured

This painting depicts Christopher Columbus and members of his crew on a beach in the West Indies, newly landed from his flagship Santa Maria on October 12, 1492.
This painting depicts Christopher Columbus and members of his crew on a beach...

Featured

A virtual Map of Capitol Hill from above
View a map of the U.S. Capitol and other buildings and grounds cared for by the...

Featured

Stewardship
The Architect of the Capitol is committed to the preservation and stewardship...

Featured

The figure of Liberty in the Apotheosis of George Washington is depicted wearing a Liberty Cap
The liberty cap was the symbol of freedom and liberty commonly used in the 19th...

Wade Hampton

Wade Hampton
Frederic W. Ruckstull
Artist

Marble
Given by South Carolina in 1929
U.S. Capitol Visitor Center

Overview 

This statue of Wade Hampton was given to the National Statuary Hall Collection by South Carolina in 1929.

Wade Hampton was born on March 28, 1818, in Charleston, South Carolina, to one of the wealthiest landowner families in the state. His early years were spent on the family estates at "Millwood" and "Cashier's Valley." In 1836 Hampton graduated from South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina). After the death of his father, he retreated to his grandfather's Mississippi plantation and assumed the life of a planter.

He was elected in 1852 to the South Carolina legislature from Richland County and served until 1856; he then served in the state Senate until he resigned in 1861. Though he had not favored secession, he supported the Confederacy from the outset. He offered his cotton for exchange in Europe for arms and he raised a legion of infantry, cavalry, and artillery. His experience and skill as a horseman made him a superior cavalry officer. In 1862 he was advanced to brigadier general of the cavalry. He was involved in many major battles, including Gettysburg.

Hampton was promoted to major general in 1863 and lieutenant general in 1865. From 1876 to 1896 Wade Hampton was a symbol of South Carolina politics, serving as Governor from 1876 to 1879 and as U.S. Senator from 1879 to 1891. From 1891 to 1897 he served as United States Railroad Commissioner. He died in Columbia, South Carolina, on April 11, 1902.

Last Updated: March 20, 2014