Artwork in the United States Capitol and legislative buildings featuring African Americans is listed below.
- Frederick Douglass
Bronze by Steven Weitzman, 2013
- Rosa Parks
Bronze by Daub and Firmin Studios, LLC, 2013
- Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Bronze by John Wilson, 1985.
- Sojourner Truth
Bronze by Artis Lane, 2009.
- Blanche Kelso Bruce, Senator from Mississippi
Senate Collection, oil on canvas by Simmie Lee Knox, 2001.
- Shirley Chisholm, Representative from New York
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, oil on canvas by Kadir Nelson, 2008.
- William L. Dawson, Chair of Government Operations, 1969–1974
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, oil on canvas by Robert Bruce Williams, 1968.
- Ron Dellums, Chair of Armed Services Committee 1993–1994
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, oil on canvas by André White, 1997.
- William H. Gray III, Chair of Budget Committee 1985-1988
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, oil on canvas by Simmie Lee Knox, 1996.
- Augustus Hawkins, Chair of Education & Labor committee 1984–1991
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, oil on canvas by Joseph Maniscalco, 1990.
- Parren Mitchell, Chair of the House Small Business Committee 1981–1986
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, photograph on canvas by Joseph D. Clipper, Jr., 1982.
- Hannibal Collins
Battle of Lake Erie, 1813, by William H. Powell, Senate Collection
- Oscar Marion
General Marion Inviting a British Officer to Share his Meal, by John Blake White, Senate Collection
- Ronald E. McNair
The Challenger Crew, Oil on canvas by Charles Schmidt, 1987.
- Crispus Attucks
The Boston Massacre, 1770, Lunette in fresco by Constantino Brumidi, 1871.
- Henry Garnet and several unidentified men
Civil Rights Bill Passes, 1866, Oil on canvas by Allyn Cox, 1974.
- Unidentified man voting
"Emancipation Proclamation" vignette next to Lincoln's Second Inaugural, 1865, Oil on canvas by Allyn Cox, 1982.
- Joseph H. Rainey
"The First Black Congressman" vignette next to Women's Suffrage Parade, 1917, Oil on canvas by Allyn Cox, 1982.
- Slave Labor Commemorative Marker
Commemorating the important role played by laborers, including enslaved African Americans, in building the United States Capitol, 2012.
- Officer Jacob Chestnut
Chestnut-Gibson Plaque, Memorial to Officer Jacob Chestnut and Detective John Gibson who gave their lives defending the United States Capitol on July 24, 1998.