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Art

Busts of Vice Presidents of the United States

Bust of Thomas Jefferson.
Overview 

The vice president of the United States presides over the United States Senate, and the Senate honors these individuals in a collection of marble busts displayed in the U.S. Capitol. The Architect of the Capitol is responsible for working with the subject to select a sculptor, contracting with the artists with the approval of the Senate, monitoring and approving the work, and designing and procuring the pedestal.

Various
Artist

For full details, please see senate.gov. Photo courtesy of the U.S. Senate.

The role of the Architect of the Capitol (AOC) in the procurement of these busts involves working with the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, the subject (or, in the case of a deceased individual, the family), and the sculptor. Typically, the architect works with the subject to select a qualified sculptor; negotiates the contract with the sculptor; monitors the various stages of creating the bust, from models through final carving, suggesting changes where appropriate; and certifies satisfactory completion of the work. After the bust is completed and delivered to the Capitol and the Rules Committee has designated a permanent location, the Architect places the bust on its pedestal (provided by the AOC).

As established in Article I, Section 3 of the United States Constitution, the vice president of the United States serves as the president of the United States Senate. The Senate Resolution of January 6, 1898, as amended by Senate Resolution 100, 80th Congress, March 28, 1947, provides that "marble busts of those who have been Vice Presidents of the United States shall be placed in the Senate wing of the Capitol from time to time, [and] that the Architect of the Capitol is authorized, subject to the advice and approval of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, to carry into execution the object of this resolution . . ."

This Senate collection includes all of the vice presidents from the first, John Adams, through J. Danforth Quayle. Twenty of these busts are located in niches in the gallery of the Senate Chamber; one in the Vice President's formal office, room S-214; and the remainder in the second-floor corridors of the Senate wing adjacent to the chamber.

In the following list of busts, placement dates are given where known; if documentation does not indicate placement date, the year in which the bust was received is provided. For photos of the busts, please visit senate.gov.

Vice President President State Period of Service Sculptor Placed

Joseph R. Biden, Jr.

Barack Obama

DE

Jan. 20, 2009 –

Not yet commissioned

 

Richard B. Cheney

George W. Bush

WY

Jan. 20, 2001 –  Jan. 20, 2009

William Behrends

2015

Albert A. Gore, Jr.

William Clinton

TN

Jan. 20, 1993 – Jan. 20, 2001

In process

 

J. Danforth Quayle

George H. W. Bush

IN

Jan. 20, 1989 – Jan. 20, 1993

Frederick Hart

2003

George H. W. Bush

Ronald Reagan

TX

Jan. 20, 1981 – Jan. 20, 1989

Walker Hancock

1991

Walter Mondale

Jimmy Carter

MN

Jan. 20, 1977 – Jan. 20, 1981

Judson Nelson

1989

Nelson A. Rockefeller

Gerald R. Ford

NY

Dec. 19, 1974 – Jan. 20, 1977

John Calabro

1987

Gerald R. Ford

Richard M. Nixon

MI

Dec. 6, 1973 – Aug. 9, 1974

Walker Hancock

1985

Spiro T. Agnew

Richard M. Nixon

MD

Jan. 20, 1969 – Oct. 10, 1973

William Behrends

1995

Hubert H. Humphrey

Lyndon B. Johnson

MN

Jan. 20, 1965 – Jan. 20, 1969

Walker Hancock

1984

Lyndon B. Johnson

John F. Kennedy

TX

Jan. 20, 1961 – Jan. 22, 1963

Jimilu Mason

1979

Richard M. Nixon

Dwight D. Eisenhower

CA

Jan. 20, 1953 – Jan. 20, 1961

Gualberto Rocchi

1979

Alben W. Barkley

Harry S. Truman

KY

Jan. 20, 1949 – Jan. 20, 1953

Kalervo Kallio

1958

Harry S. Truman

Franklin D. Roosevelt

MO

Jan. 20, 1945 – Apr. 12, 1945

Charles Keck

1949

Henry A. Wallace

Franklin D. Roosevelt

IA

Jan. 20, 1941 – Jan. 20, 1945

Jo Davidson

1949

John Nance Garner

Franklin D. Roosevelt

TX

Mar. 4, 1933 – Jan. 20, 1941

James Earle Fraser

1943

Charles Curtis

Herbert Hoover

KS

Mar. 4, 1929 – Mar. 3, 1933

Moses A. Wainer Dykaar

c. 1935

Charles G. Dawes

Calvin Coolidge

IL

Mar. 4, 1925 – Mar. 3, 1929

Jo Davidson

Rec’d. 1931

Calvin Coolidge

Warren G. Harding

MA

Mar. 4, 1921 – Aug. 2, 1923

Moses A. Wainer Dykaar

1929

Thomas R. Marshall

Woodrow Wilson

IN

Mar. 4, 1913 – Mar. 3, 1921

Moses A. Wainer Dykaar

1920

James S. Sherman

William H. Taft

NY

Mar. 4, 1909 – Oct. 30, 1912

Bessie Potter Vonnoh

1911

Charles W. Fairbanks

Theodore Roosevelt

IN

Mar. 4, 1905 – Mar. 3, 1909

Franklin Simmons

1909

Theodore Roosevelt

William McKinley

NY

Mar. 4, 1901 – Sept. 14, 1901

James Earle Fraser

1910

Garret A. Hobart

William McKinley

NJ

Mar. 4, 1897 – Nov. 21, 1899

F. Edwin Elwell

1901

Adlai E. Stevenson

Grover Cleveland

IL

Mar. 4, 1893 – Mar. 3, 1897

Franklin Simmons

Rec’d. 1894

Levi P. Morton

Benjamin Harrison

NY

Mar. 4, 1889 – Mar. 3, 1893

F. Edwin Elwell

1891

Thomas A. Hendricks

Grover Cleveland

IN

Mar. 4, 1885 – Nov. 25, 1885

U. S. J. Dunbar

1890

Chester A. Arthur

James A. Garfield

NY

Mar. 4, 1881 – Sept. 19, 1881

Augustus Saint-Gaudens

1892

William A. Wheeler

Rutherford B. Hayes

NY

Mar. 5, 1877 – Mar. 3, 1881

Edward C. Potter

c. 1892

Henry Wilson

Ulysses S. Grant

MA

Mar. 4, 1873 – Nov. 22, 1875

Daniel Chester French

1886

Schuyler Colfax

Ulysses S. Grant

IN

Mar. 4, 1869 – Mar. 3, 1873

Frances M. Goodwin

1897

Andrew Johnson

Abraham Lincoln

TN

Mar. 4, 1865 – Apr. 15, 1865

William C. McCauslen

1900

Hannibal Hamlin

Abraham Lincoln

ME

Mar. 4, 1861 – Mar. 3, 1865

Franklin Simmons

1890

John C. Breckenridge

James Buchanan

KY

Mar. 4, 1857 – Mar. 3, 1861

James P. Voorhees

1897

William R. King*

Franklin Pierce

AL

Mar. 4, 1853 – Apr. 18, 1853

William C. McCauslen

1896

Millard Fillmore

Zachary Taylor

NY

Mar. 5, 1849 – July 9, 1850

Robert Cushing

1895

George M. Dallas

James K. Polk

PA

Mar. 4, 1845 – Mar. 3, 1849

Henry J. Ellicott

1894

John Tyler

William Henry Harrison

VA

Mar. 4, 1841 – Apr. 4, 1841

William C. McCauslen

1898

Richard M. Johnson

Martin Van Buren

KY

Mar. 4, 1837 – Mar. 3, 1841

James P. Voorhees

1895

Martin Van Buren

Andrew Jackson

NY

Mar. 4, 1833 – Mar. 3, 1837

U. S. J. Dunbar

1894

John C. Calhoun

John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson

SC

Mar. 4, 1825 – Dec. 28, 1832

Theodore A. Mills

1896

Daniel D. Tompkins

James Monroe

NY

Mar. 4, 1817 – Mar. 3, 1825

Charles H. Niehaus

1891

Elbridge Gerry

James Madison

MA

Mar. 4, 1813 – Nov. 23, 1814

Herbert Adams

1892

George Clinton

Thomas Jefferson, James Madison

NY

Mar. 4, 1805 – Apr. 20, 1812

Vittorio A. Ciani

1894

Aaron Burr

Thomas Jefferson

NY

Mar. 4, 1801 – Mar. 3, 1805

Jacques Jovenal

1894

Thomas Jefferson

John Adams

VA

Mar. 4, 1797 – Mar. 3, 1801

Sir Moses Ezekiel

1890

John Adams

George Washington

MA

Apr. 30, 1789 – Mar. 3, 1797

Daniel Chester French

1890


* William King is represented by a bust even though he never actually presided over the Senate.

Last Updated: April 29, 2016