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The Architect of the Capitol's challenge is unique – maintaining aging, iconic...

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Photo showing placement of the Statue of Freedom atop the Capitol December 2, 1863 as viewed from the west.
The Statue of Freedom was placed atop the Capitol Dome 150 years ago,...

Women in Art

Examples of artwork in the United States Capitol and legislative buildings featuring women is listed below. These women have played significant roles in the development of the American nation from colonial times through the modern era.

In addition to these figures, numerous unidentified women appear in historical works and in generalized scenes of American life; many allegorical figures, such as the Statue of Freedom, are female.

See also: Women Artists


Paintings and Portraits

Baptism of Pocahontas is one of eight historical paintings in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda.

Statues and Busts

Rosa Parks statue in the U.S. Capitol's National Statuary Hall.

Murals

In this scene from the Frieze of American History, Pocahontas saves Captain John Smith from being clubbed to death

  • Captain Smith and Pocahontas
    Fresco by Constantino Brumidi, 1880. Scene in the Rotunda frieze.
  • Challenger (depicts Christa McAulliffe and Judy Resnik)
    Oil-on-canvas mural by Charles Schmidt, 1987. Located in the Senate wing, first floor, outside Room S-121.
  • Clara Barton (vignette)
    Oil-on-canvas mural by Allyn Cox, 1982. Located in the House wing, first floor, central east-west corridor (Great Experiment Hall).
  • Ann Hutchinson (vignette)
    Oil-on-canvas mural by Allyn Cox, 1982. Located in the House wing, first floor, central east-west corridor (Great Experiment Hall).
  • Jeannette Rankin (vignette)
    Oil-on-canvas mural by Allyn Cox, 1982. Located in the House wing, first floor, central east-west corridor (Great Experiment Hall).
  • Rotunda as a Hospital During the Civil War, 1862 (depicts Clara Barton)
    Oil-on-canvas mural by Allyn Cox, 1974. Located in the House wing, first floor, east corridor (Hall of Capitols).
  • Women's Suffrage Parade (depicts Anna Howard Shaw and Carrie Chapman Catt)
    Oil-on-canvas mural by Allyn Cox, 1982. Located in the House wing, first floor, central east-west corridor (Great Experiment Hall).

Sculpture

Interior

Sandstone relief in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda.

Exterior

 

This panel of the Columbus Doors depicts Queen Isabella listening to Columbus's explanation of his map.

  • Columbus Doors:
    Queen Isabella, in door panel "Audience at the Court of Ferdinand and Isabella" and statue in niche beside panel.
    Lady Beatrix de Bobadilla, statue in niche beside door panel "Departure from the Convent of La Rábida".

    Bronze by Randolph Rogers, 1861. Located in the East Rotunda entrance.